The following is the latest on Executive Action from

On November 20, 2014, the President announced a series of executive actions to crack down on illegal immigration at the border, prioritize deporting felons not families, and require certain undocumented immigrants to pass a criminal background check and pay taxes in order to temporarily stay in the U.S. without fear of deportation.

These initiatives include:

  • Expanding the population eligible for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program to young people who came to this country before turning 16 years old and have been present since January 1, 2010, and extending the period of DACA and work authorization from two years to three years
  • Allowing parents of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents who have been in the country since January 1, 2010, to request deferred action and employment authorization for three years, in a new Deferred Action for Parental Accountability program, provided they pass required background checks
  • Expanding the use of provisional waivers of unlawful presence to include the spouses and sons and daughters of lawful permanent residents and the sons and daughters of U.S. citizens
  • Modernizing, improving and clarifying immigrant and nonimmigrant programs to grow our economy and create jobs
  • Promoting citizenship education and public awareness for lawful permanent residents and providing an option for naturalization applicants to use credit cards to pay the application fee
Important notice: These initiatives have not yet been implemented, and USCIS is not accepting any requests or applications at this time. Beware of anyone who offers to help you submit an application or a request for any of these actions before they are available.

Next steps

USCIS and other agencies and offices are responsible for implementing these initiatives as soon as possible. Some initiatives will be implemented over the next several months and some will take longer.

Over the coming months, USCIS will produce detailed explanations, instructions, regulations and forms as necessary. The brief summaries provided below offer basic information about each initiative.

While USCIS is not accepting requests or applications at this time, if you believe you may be eligible for one of the initiatives listed above, you can prepare by gathering documents that establish your:

  • Identity;
  • Relationship to a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident; and
  • Continuous residence in the United States over the last five years or more.

Below are summaries of major planned initiatives by USCIS, including:

  • Who is eligible
  • What the initiative will do
  • When you can begin to make a request
  • How to make a request
1. Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program
  • Current DACA recipients seeking renewal and new applicants, including individuals born prior to June 15, 1981, who meet all other DACA guidelines.
  • Allows individuals born prior to June 15, 1981, to apply for DACA (removing the upper age restriction) provided they meet all other guidelines.
  • Requires continuous residence in the United States since January 1, 2010, rather than the prior requirement of June 15, 2007.
  • Extends the deferred action period and employment authorization to three years from the current two years.
  • Approximately 90 days following the President’s November 20, 2014, announcement.
2. Deferred action for parents of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents
  • An undocumented individual living in the United States who, on the date of the announcement, is the parent of a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident and who meets the guidelines listed below.
  • Allows parents to request deferred action and employment authorization if they:
    • Have continuous residence in the United States since January 1, 2010;
    • Are the parents of a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident born on or before November 20, 2014; and
    • Are not an enforcement priority for removal from the United States, pursuant to the November 20, 2014, Policies for the Apprehension, Detention and Removal of Undocumented Immigrants Memorandum.

Notes: USCIS will consider each request for Deferred Action for Parental Accountability (DAPA) on a case-by-case basis. Enforcement priorities include (but are not limited to) national security and public safety threats.

  • Approximately 180 days following the President’s November 20, 2014, announcement.
3. Provisional waivers of unlawful presence
  • Undocumented individuals who have resided unlawfully in the United States for at least 180 days and who are:
    • The sons and daughters of U.S. citizens; and
    • The spouse and sons or daughters of lawful permanent residents.
  • Expands the provisional waiver program announced in 2013 by allowing the spouses, sons or daughters of lawful permanent residents and sons and daughters of U.S. citizens to get a waiver if a visa is available. There may be instances when the qualifying relative is not the petitioner.
  • Clarifies the meaning of the “extreme hardship” standard that must be met to obtain a waiver.

Notes: Currently, only spouses and minor children of U.S. citizens are allowed to apply to obtain a provisional waiver if a visa is available.

  • Upon issuing of new guidelines and regulations.
4. Modernize, improve and clarify immigrant and nonimmigrant programs to grow our economy and create jobs
  • U.S. businesses, foreign investors, researchers, inventors and skilled foreign workers.
What USCIS will:

  • Work with the Department of State to develop a method to allocate immigrant visas to ensure that all immigrant visas authorized by Congress are issued to eligible individuals when there is sufficient demand for such visas.
  • Work with the Department of State to modify the Visa Bulletin system to more simply and reliably make determinations of visa availability.
  • Provide clarity on adjustment portability to remove unnecessary restrictions on natural career progression and general job mobility to provide relief to workers facing lengthy adjustment delays.
  • Clarify the standard by which a national interest waiver may be granted to foreign inventors, researchers and founders of start-up enterprises to benefit the U.S economy.
  • Authorize parole, on a case-by-case basis, to eligible inventors, researchers and founders of start-up enterprises who may not yet qualify for a national interest waiver, but who:
    • Have been awarded substantial U.S. investor financing; or
    • Otherwise hold the promise of innovation and job creation through the development of new technologies or the pursuit of cutting-edge research.
  • Finalize a rule to provide work authorization to the spouses of certain H-1B visa holders who are on the path to lawful permanent resident status.
  • Work with Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) to develop regulations for notice and comment to expand and extend the use of optional practical training (OPT) for foreign students, consistent with existing law.
  • Provide clear, consolidated guidance on the meaning of “specialized knowledge” to bring greater clarity and integrity to the L-1B program, improve consistency in adjudications, and enhance companies’ confidence in the program.
  • Upon issuing necessary guidance and regulations.
5. Promote the naturalization process
  • Lawful permanent residents eligible to apply for U.S. citizenship
  • Promote citizenship education and public awareness for lawful permanent residents.
  • Allow naturalization applicants to use credit cards to pay the application fee.
  • Assess potential for partial fee waivers in the next biennial fee study.
  • During 2015

Key Questions and Answers

Q1: When will USCIS begin accepting applications related to these executive initiatives?

A1: While USCIS is not accepting applications at this time, individuals who think they may be eligible for one or more of the new initiatives may prepare now by gathering documentation that establishes their:

  • Identity;
  • Relationship to a U.S. citizen or lawful permanent resident; and
  • Continuous residence in the United States over the last five years or more.

USCIS expects to begin accepting applications for the:

  • Expanded DACA program approximately 90 days after the President’s November 20, 2014, announcement; and
  • Deferred action for parents of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents (Deferred Action for Parental Accountability) approximately 180 days after the President’s November 20, 2014, announcement.

Others programs will be implemented after new guidance and regulations are issued.

Q2: How many individuals does USCIS expect will apply?

A2: Preliminary estimates show that roughly 4.9 million individuals may be eligible for the initiatives announced by the President. However, there is no way to predict with certainty how many individuals will apply. USCIS will decide applications on a case-by-case basis and encourages as many people as possible to consider these new initiatives. During the first two years of DACA, approximately 60 percent of potentially eligible individuals came forward. However, given differences among the population eligible for these initiatives and DACA, actual participation rates may vary.

Q3: Will there be a cutoff date for individuals to apply?

A3: The initiatives do not include deadlines. Nevertheless, USCIS encourages all eligible individuals to carefully review each initiative and, once the initiative becomes available, make a decision as soon as possible about whether to apply.

Q4: How long will applicants have to wait for a decision on their application?

A4: The timeframe for completing this new pending workload depends on a variety of factors. USCIS will be working to process applications as expeditiously as possible while maintaining program integrity and customer service. Our aim is to complete all applications received by the end of next year before the end of 2016, consistent with our target processing time of completing review of applications within approximately one year of receipt. In addition, USCIS will provide each applicant with notification of receipt of their application within 60 days of receiving it.

Q5: Will USCIS need to expand its workforce and/or seek appropriated funds to implement these new initiatives? 

A5: USCIS will need to adjust its staffing to sufficiently address this new workload. Any hiring will be funded through application fees rather than appropriated funds.

Q6: Will the processing of other applications and petitions (such as family-based petitions and green card applications) be delayed?

A6: USCIS is working hard to build capacity and increase staffing to begin accepting requests and applications for the initiatives. We will monitor resources and capacity very closely, and we will keep the public and all of our stakeholders informed as this process develops over the course of the coming months.

Q7: What security checks and anti-fraud efforts will USCIS conduct to identify individuals requesting deferred action who have criminal backgrounds or who otherwise pose a public safety threat or national security risk?

A7: USCIS is committed to maintaining the security and integrity of the immigration system. Individuals seeking deferred action relief under these new initiatives will undergo thorough background checks, including but not limited to 10-print fingerprint, primary name, and alias name checks against databases maintained by DHS and other federal government agencies. These checks are designed to identify individuals who may pose a national security or public safety threat, have a criminal background, have perpetrated fraud, or who may be otherwise ineligible to request deferred action. No individual will be granted relief without passing these background checks.

In addition, USCIS will conduct an individual review of each case. USCIS officers are trained to identify indicators of fraud, including fraudulent documents. As with other immigration requests, all applicants will be warned that knowingly misrepresenting or failing to disclose facts will subject them to criminal prosecution and possible removal from the United States.

Q8: What if someone’s case is denied or they fail to pass a background check?

A8: Individuals who knowingly make a misrepresentation, or knowingly fail to disclose facts, in an effort to obtain deferred action or work authorization through this process will not receive favorable consideration for deferred action. In addition, USCIS will apply its current policy governing the referral of individual cases to Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and the issuance of Notices to Appear before an immigration judge. If the background check or other information uncovered during the review of a request for deferred action indicates that an individual’s presence in the United States threatens public safety or national security, USCIS will deny the request and refer the matter for criminal investigation and possible removal by ICE, consistent with existing processes.

Q9: If I currently have DACA, will I need to do anything to receive the third year of deferred action and work authorization provided by the executive initiatives?

A9: The new three-year work authorization timeframe will be applied for applications currently pending and those received after the President’s announcement. Work authorizations already issued for a two-year period under the current guidelines will continue to be valid through the validity period indicated on the card. USCIS is exploring means to extend previously issued two-year work authorization renewals to the new three-year period.

Q10: Will the information I share in my request for consideration of deferred action be used for immigration enforcement purposes?

A10: Information provided in your request is protected from disclosure to Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and Customs and Border Protection (CBP) for the purpose of immigration enforcement proceedings unless you meet the criteria for the issuance of a Notice to Appear or a referral to ICE under the criteria set forth in USCIS’ Notice to Appear guidance. Individuals who are granted deferred action will not be referred to ICE. The information may be shared, however, with national security and law enforcement agencies, including ICE and CBP, for purposes other than removal, including:

  • Assisting in the consideration of the deferred action request;
  • To identify or prevent fraudulent claims;
  • For national security purposes; or
  • For the investigation or prosecution of a criminal offense.

This policy covers family members and guardians, in addition to you.

Q11: What is USCIS doing to assist dependents of U.S. armed services personnel?

A11: USCIS is working with the Department of Defense to determine how to expand parole authorization to dependents of certain individuals enlisting or enlisted in the U.S. armed services.

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Immigration Map

At 8 PM tonight, the President will address the American people to announce details about his immigration action.  Two elements that are predicted:  (1) remove age limit for individuals to be eligible under DACA, and (2) work authorization and reprieve from deportation for parents of US citizens and legal permanent residents.

Republicans are up in arms over the President’s anticipated action.  How can the GOP best handle the situation?  Simply pass comprehensive immigration reform.  The Senate passed a bill in 2013 and the House leadership has refused to bring the matter up for a vote.  Such a move would avoid the poison that some factions of the GOP would spew as they considered actions such as defunding the government, filing a lawsuit or derailing the President’s action in any way they can.

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According to  “…President Obama will announce an immigration order on Friday.”  The website further states that he will be making a statement on immigration on Thursday night.

This could prove to be a historic week and we will be reviewing, analyzing and opining on the topic in the coming weeks.  There are so many questions and the level of anticipation is high, both among immigrants, their employers and other interested parties.

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By:  Emily Pierce, Associate Attorney at Maged Rost

A financial investment in the United States economy is a popular way for foreign nationals to obtain green cards. Our website and a previous blog post introduce the two ways to structure this type of investment: either through a regional center or through a direct investment.

Regardless of the structure of the investment, USCIS always requires documentary evidence to establish that each investor obtained his or her capital through lawful means.[1] Since investment capital may come from a variety of sources, the documents to trace the funds for each EB-5 case will differ depending on the investor’s specific circumstances.

Some of the most common sources of funds include:

  • Proceeds from the sale of property or real estate;
  • Earned income;
  • Gift;
  • Inheritance; and
  • Any combination of these.

In consultation with an experienced immigration attorney, an investor will be able to ascertain the best way to document his or her source of funds. In addition to documentary evidence, USCIS also will consider statements made by the investor that describes the source of funds and explains any expected but unavailable evidence.

In addition to evidence of an investor’s particular source of funds, USCIS expects every investor to provide the following documents, if applicable:

  • Foreign business registration records;
  • Corporate and personal tax returns filed by or on behalf of the investor within the past five years either inside or outside the United States;
  • Evidence of all pending civil, criminal, and/or administrative actions involving the investor for the past fifteen years; and
  • Certified copies of any monetary judgments entered against the investor within the past fifteen years, either inside or outside the United States.[2]

As a final note, it is crucial that any documents submitted as part of any immigration petition, including an EB-5 petition, are accompanied by a certified English translation, if applicable.[3] Without a certified English translation, USCIS will not consider the document as part of the record, which could lead to delays or denial of a petition.

Please return to this blog in the coming weeks for more detailed posts regarding regional centers, direct investments, and other EB-5 related topics.

[1] 8 C.F.R. § 204.6(j)(3).

[2] Id.

[3] 8 C.F.R. § 103.2(b)(3).


Immigration Reform Image

According to  “President Obama is planning to unveil a 10-part plan for overhauling U.S. immigration policy via executive action — including suspending deportations for millions — as early as next Friday, a source close to the White House told Fox News.”

I will update this blog with breaking news on immigration reform.  Next week could mark the beginning of an interesting, yet bumpy ride ahead!

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Natz Ceremony

Millions of people are waiting with bated breath to see what action the President will take to reform the nation’s immigration system.  In the end, regardless of what action is taken, complaints and criticism will be aplenty.  Those who support liberal immigration reform that would allow all undocumented immigrants to simply fill out a form and receive permission to work and travel will be disappointed with whatever strings or conditions are attached to the legalization proposal.  Immigrants who have worked in the US for years in H-1B status for instance, would find it unfair that those who had no status at all will be allowed to work for any US employer, at any wage, while their immigration status remains tied to the whims of a single employer.  Of course, the extreme right will be unhappy with doing anything short of deporting the estimated 11 million undocumented persons who currently reside in the US.

Although there is a great deal of speculation about what the President will do if and when he announces the executive order he promised by the end of 2014, no one knows for certain at this point.  Probably the president himself is still working with his aids on last-minute amendments to a draft executive order.

IMHO, the President should be bold and take whatever actions he has the legal authority to, so long as they are consistent with his promises and what he sincerely believes is best for this country.  Not everyone will be happy, but Obama’s job is not to make everybody happy.  Any action that affects this many people on a financial, emotional and political level is bound to have naysayers.  Some of this resistance is theatrics.  Television and conservative radio talk shows may condemn any legalization for ratings, government workers who are paid to deport the undocumented may be concerned with job security, and the GOP may want to find a way to get the issue behind them before 2016, ideally without voting on it – so they may complain loudly, yet secretly hope the President acts.

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Statue of Liberty

Election Day is tomorrow and many pundits are predicting that President Obama will go it alone on fixing the nation’s broken immigration system within the next few weeks.  Rep. Lewis Gutierrez has posted a useful chart on his website entitled “Getting Ready for Administrative Action”.

Although nobody knows the details of what administrative action would entail, any legalization component would require the production of documentation.   For those who are given an opportunity to legitimize their status, time is truly of the essence and the earlier these individuals start assembling documents that will likely be required, the sooner they can get the process rolling.

Immigration Reform has been attempted for the last decade without success.  If the President initiates substantive executive action within the confines of the power of office, millions of workers and their families would see their lives changed forever.  Executive immigration orders may end up being the bold move that will define President Obama’s legacy.

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