According to an article on nytimes.com: “Justices across the ideological spectrum appeared inclined to uphold a controversial part of Arizonas aggressive 2010 immigration law, based on their questions on Wednesday at a Supreme Court argument.”
A decision is expected in June. It will be interesting to see how the Justices come down on this case. If Arizona required police to check the immigration status of all persons stopped, another state could enact a law (as some municipalities have) prohibiting police from inquiring as to a person’s immigration status. Some states could become “sanctuary states” if they are more lenient, welcoming and accepting of undocumented persons whereas others would be “enforcement states” that undocumented individuals would avoid. Should this occur, it will be fascinating for a Sociology major like me to witness which states fare better, those with a welcoming climate or those that are purely enforcement oriented.
This issue is far from over, as no arguments were made with regard to racial profiling. Moreover, if Arizona were to prevail on significant parts of the law, it and other states would likely push the envelope and introduce immigration bills that could conflict with federal immigration law.